What Are the Recommended Health Screenings for Each Age Group?

young male doctor checking the bp of an old patient

Medically Reviewed by Dr Welras Long (M.B.B.S, Singapore. MRCS, England)

Regular health screenings play a crucial role in preventive healthcare, allowing individuals to detect and address potential health concerns before they develop into serious conditions. From childhood to old age, different age groups require specific health screenings tailored to their unique healthcare needs. 

In Singapore, where healthcare accessibility is high, understanding the recommended health screenings for each age group is essential. This article provides an overview of the recommended health screenings for various age groups, along with the importance of visiting a health screening clinic for comprehensive assessments.

Infants and Children (0-12 Years)

During infancy and childhood, regular pediatric check-ups are essential for monitoring growth and development, as well as detecting any early signs of health issues. Recommended health screenings for this age group include:

Newborn Screening

Newborn screening tests, typically conducted within the first few days of life, aim to detect rare but serious conditions such as phenylketonuria (PKU), congenital hypothyroidism, and cystic fibrosis.


Immunizations are a crucial aspect of preventive healthcare for children, protecting them against various infectious diseases such as measles, mumps, rubella, polio, and hepatitis B. Singapore follows a comprehensive national immunization program for children, ensuring they receive vaccinations according to schedule.

Developmental Assessments

Pediatricians monitor children’s growth and development milestones, assessing factors such as physical growth, motor skills, speech and language development, and cognitive abilities. Regular developmental assessments help identify any developmental delays or concerns early on, allowing for timely intervention and support.

Adolescents and Young Adults (13-25 Years)

As adolescents transition into young adulthood, they require health screenings that address their changing healthcare needs and lifestyle factors. Recommended health screenings for this age group include:

Annual Physical Exams

Young adults should undergo annual physical exams to monitor their overall health status, including blood pressure, heart rate, body mass index (BMI), and cholesterol levels. These exams provide an opportunity to assess lifestyle habits such as diet, exercise, and substance use, as well as address any emerging health concerns.

Sexually Transmitted Infection (STI) Screenings

Adolescents and young adults who are sexually active should undergo regular screenings for STIs such as chlamydia, gonorrhea, syphilis, and HIV. STI screenings are essential for early detection and treatment of infections, as well as prevention of transmission to partners.

Mental Health Assessments

Mental health screenings are important for identifying symptoms of depression, anxiety, and other mental health conditions early on, allowing for timely intervention and treatment. Adolescence and young adulthood are critical periods for mental health development, and early detection of mental health issues can significantly improve outcomes.

Adults (26-64 Years)

During adulthood, regular health screenings become even more critical for early detection and prevention of chronic diseases and age-related health issues. Recommended health screenings for this age group include:

Blood Pressure Screening

Regular blood pressure checks help detect hypertension (high blood pressure), a leading risk factor for heart disease and stroke. High blood pressure often has no symptoms, so regular screenings are essential for early detection and management.

Cholesterol and Lipid Profile Tests

Screening for cholesterol levels and lipid profiles can assess the risk of cardiovascular disease and guide preventive measures such as lifestyle modifications and medication therapy. High cholesterol levels increase the risk of heart disease and stroke, so early detection and treatment are crucial.

Diabetes Screening

Adults should undergo screening tests for diabetes, particularly if they have risk factors such as obesity, family history of diabetes, or sedentary lifestyle. Early detection of diabetes allows for timely intervention to prevent complications and improve outcomes.

Cancer Screenings

Depending on gender and individual risk factors, adults may require screenings for various types of cancer, including breast cancer, cervical cancer, colorectal cancer, and prostate cancer. Cancer screenings aim to detect cancer at an early stage when treatment is most effective.

Older Adults (65+ Years)

As individuals age, their healthcare needs change, necessitating specific health screenings tailored to detect age-related conditions and ensure overall well-being. Recommended health screenings for older adults include:

Bone Density Testing

Screening for osteoporosis through bone density testing helps assess bone health and the risk of fractures, particularly in postmenopausal women and older adults. Osteoporosis screening is essential for early detection and prevention of fractures and falls, which are common in older adults.

Vision and Hearing Tests

Regular vision and hearing tests are important for detecting age-related changes in vision and hearing acuity, as well as identifying conditions such as glaucoma, cataracts, and hearing loss. Early detection and treatment of vision and hearing problems can improve quality of life and prevent complications.

Cognitive Function Assessment

Screening for cognitive function, such as memory tests and mental status exams, can help detect early signs of dementia and Alzheimer’s disease, allowing for timely intervention and support. Cognitive screening is essential for early diagnosis and management of cognitive impairment, which can significantly impact daily functioning and quality of life.

The Role of a Health Screening Clinic

Visiting a health screening clinic is essential for comprehensive health assessments tailored to individual needs and age groups. These clinics offer a range of screening services, including general health check-ups, specialized tests, and preventive screenings for various health conditions. 

By partnering with experienced healthcare professionals, individuals can receive personalized recommendations, early detection of health issues, and guidance on preventive measures and lifestyle modifications. 

Health screening clinics in Singapore provide convenient access to a wide range of screening services, allowing individuals to take proactive steps towards maintaining their health and well-being.


Regular health screenings are fundamental to maintaining optimal health and well-being at every stage of life. By adhering to recommended health screenings for each age group, individuals can take proactive steps towards preventing and managing health issues effectively. 

From infancy to old age, early detection and intervention through health screenings can lead to better health outcomes and improved quality of life. For comprehensive health screenings and preventive healthcare services in Singapore, visit Keystone Clinic & Surgery now. 


Moh.gov.sg. 2004. Health Screening. https://www.moh.gov.sg/docs/librariesprovider5/resources-statistics/educational-resources/health_screening.pdf

Annals.edu.sg. Health Screening Behaviour Among Singaporeans. https://annals.edu.sg/pdf/44VolNo9Sep2015/MemberOnly/V44N9p326.pdf

UCLAhealth.org. Preventive Health Screenings, By Age. https://www.uclahealth.org/sites/default/files/documents/NewPatientGuide-PrevHealth_FINAL_091721.pdf

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